Prostate Cancer and Metastasis Diagnosis Process

Continuous advances have provided a new understanding on Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate. The problem with majority of sufferers are they are unaware of signs associated with the disease. Others also seem to delay seeing a healthcare professional thinking the early symptoms are nothing serious. Due to its slow progression, the sooner patients get into treatment, the bigger their chance to survive.

How Prostate cancer is diagnosed

Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate is found to be no more than 28-percent. This is due to the cells that have been spread to lymph nodes, bones and other organs. If your Prostate-Specific Antigen test suggests you may have developed prostate cancer, biopsy will take place to confirm. Other that PSA test, digital rectal exam or DRE may also be used as a pointer.

The Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate procedure typically takes 10-minutes and the process is fairly simple. Your healthcare professional will remove prostate tissue by inserting a hollow needle through your rectum’s wall. These dozens of tiny samples will then be handed out to a pathologist. If cancer cell is found, it will then be graded using Gleason Scoring System.

  • Grade 1, at this stage, the tissue looks similar to normal prostate cells.

  • Grade 2 to 4, the lower score is used to represent samples that look closest to normal prostate cells which means less aggressive cancer. The higher the score, the more aggressive and dangerous the cell is.

  • Grade 5, at this stage, majority of cells look extremely different from normal.

Understanding the TNM system

There are three aspects in TNM System. You may have heard the concept for a while now, but unaware of what they stand for.

  • Tumor

The extent of what is referred to as primary tumor is determined by its location and size. If it cannot be assessed, the stage will be referred to as TX. If at the time tumor is not found, the stage will be referred to as T0.

  • Nodes

This particular section is to determine whether the cancerous cell has spread to lymph nodes situated next to your bladder. If at the time of examination the nodes are not affected, the code used is N0. If it simply cannot be assessed, the code is NX. If cancerous cell is found in the nodes, the code to refer to the stage is N1.

  • Metastasis

This is by far is the most worrying part of the three. Metastasis is used to determine whether the cancerous cells have spread to other organs or bones, or not. M1 is used when the cancer has spread, whereas M0 is used when it’s negative.

Understanding Types of Advanced Prostate Cancers and Survival Rate

Questions regarding Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate are common after patient receives their diagnosis. These questions are not exactly easy to answer, to say the least. Depending on the stage and affected area, your survival rate can perhaps only be predicted by a healthcare professional.

More than 2.9-million of men in the United States alone have been diagnosed with this terrible disease. Naturally their questions will stem from their chance to survive, knowing how dangerous it can be. Fortunately for many Prostate cancer patients, this article on Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate sheds light on their chance for survival.

The survival rate of metastatic prostate cancer

According to numerous studies and statistics, survival rates of 5-year, 10-year, and 15-year relative are incredibly favorable. With 5-year survival rate at 100-percent, and 10-year survival rate at 98-percent. Last but not least, the 15-year survival rate is known to be at a favorable percentage of 93. This shows that there is a big chance of survival, granted you caught on the disease and have it treated very early on. When it comes to Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate, the number plunges dramatically.

Yes, the biggest mistake many patients can do is postpone treatment despite the fact that there are numerous treatments available. At the metastatic stage, the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body. Cancerous cells typically have spread and attacked the lymph nodes, bones, and other organs of the patient. At this stage, the survival rate of 5-year survival is 28-percent.

Types of advanced prostate cancer

There are a lot of different factors that affect the life expectancy of advanced prostate cancer. To understand, first you must be aware of the fact that there are a few types of advanced prostate cancers.

  • Locally advanced prostate cancer

This particular type of prostate cancer is characterized by cancer cells that have grown through the prostate area. At this stage, it may very well extend to the bladder or seminal vesicles.

  • Elevated PSA post prostate cancer treatment.

Following cancer treatment, patients are at risk of elevated PSA level. With this rising PSA level, patients may feel significantly worse despite the lack of evidence of worsening disease or spread in other parts of their body.

  • Hormone sensitive metastatic cancer

This form of prostate cancer at its most advanced stage. Cancerous cells have spread to the lymph nodes, bones, and other organs and parts in the body..

  • Castration-resistant prostate cancer

Despite having suppressed testosterone and other hormones associated with prostate cancer, growth continues at an accelerated rate in this type of cancer.

Common Signs of Prostate Cancer

Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate may be something that brings more questions than answers to many. It’s confusing, and there is no such thing as straight answer. We are aware of how incredibly dangerous cancer is. So it’s understandable that many newly diagnosed patients scramble for reassurance that they will have a good chance of survival. Growing in the prostate gland in male reproductive system, prostate cancer is one type of cancer that affects men.

Despite being one of very common forms of cancer, Prostate cancer often being regarded as a silent killer. Its slow progression, combined with the lack of awareness, often leaves sufferers unaware of the condition. This is exactly the reason cancer is found to be the second leading cause of cancer-related death. Men are typically unaware of Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate, let alone the following symptoms until it’s too late.

Urination difficulty

Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate is diagnosed before it has the chance to spread. Both Prostate cancer without spread and with nearby local spread results in 100-percent of 5-year survival. The first common  warning sign to look out for is urination difficulty. Surrounded by the prostate gland, your urethra serves as a place to carry both urine and semen.

When there is a bump, regardless of how tiny it is, urination and ejaculation are bound to be negatively affected. The early warning signs at this stage typically involved of difficulties while urinating. Perhaps you stop midstream during urinating. Or you may perhaps still feel like urinating even after having finished it. When this happens more often than usual, see your health care provider immediately.

Pain during urination

Due to the surrounding tumor in the urethra, patients are bound to feel indescribable pain or extreme discomfort during urination. This is very often mistaken as none other than urinary tract infection. In order to be absolutely sure about the source of your pain, consult with your healthcare provider.

Blood can be seen in the urine

While Hematuria is not as common, in some cases, it may develop. This does not necessarily mean you end up with a lot of blood that your urine turns bright red. Most of the time, you only end up with a pinkish tint or red tint smear in your urine. This may be the result of Prostate cancer, BPH, kidney stones or bladder infection. Get yourself thoroughly checked out right away. Other than the aforementioned signs, dribbling urine and erectile dysfunction are among the most common symptoms you must know.



Five Common Warning Signs Associated with Prostate Cancer

Questions regarding Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate is not easy to answer. Ironically, it’s also the first question that many newly diagnosed cancer patients ask fairly early on. Despite the fact that the disease itself is treatable, many patients suffer due to their lack of awareness. Knowing the early signs of prostate cancer may help you catch the disease before it advances.

Understanding how to properly identify early onset signs of the disease, along with the symptoms is undoubtedly critical. It could mean a whole lot of difference for patients. Between having to make lifestyle and dietary changes to stop it from growing, and undergoing surgery or invasive radiation treatment. For that reason, we have compiled four warning signs of prostate cancer along with information regarding Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate.

What is the chance of survival?

The Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate largely depends on the stage of cancer at the time of diagnosis. For cancer that has yet to spread outside the Prostate and other regional stages, 100-percent of 5-year survival is the norm. However, should the cancer has spread to other organs, lymph nodes, and bones, chance of 5-year survival is dramatically down to 28-percent.

With that information, it may come as a surprise that Prostate cancer is actually a very common occurrence among men. Despite being referred to as a perpetually latent condition, Prostate cancer can generally be considered as completely harmless. Only small percentage of people with the condition will develop and end up with clinically significant form of Prostate cancer. See the following warning signs which are typically associated with the development of this particular cancer.

Knowing early warning signs of Prostate cancer

While there are quite a few signs associate with Prostate cancer. These five factors are the most common warning signs associated with this terrible disease. Majority of Prostate cancer patients report the following signs before they were diagnosed with the disease:

  • Difficult, and painful urination.

  • Frequent urination typically takes place at night.

  • Unable to control their bladder.

  • Hematuria, or a condition that refers to blood in the urine.

  • Reduced velocity, also known as urinary flow.

From above information, it’s not difficult to see why many patients missed the early signs. Many of the aforementioned signs of  Prostate cancer also develop relatively slowly over time – completely throwing us off. However, if all of a sudden you notice a buildup pressure in your urethral or bladder area. Or, if you out of the blue find difficulty urinating, there is no harm in getting yourself checked out.

The Survival Rate of Metastatic and Advanced Prostate Cancer

A patient who was just diagnosed with prostate cancer definitely wants to know about metastatic prostate cancer survival rate. When it is diagnosed at early stages, prostate cancer actually has good prognosis. However, when the cancer has metastasized to the other organs, the survival rate could decrease up to 40 to 60 per cent.

Survival Rates by Stage

Metastatic prostate cancer survival rate is determined by many factors, such as the overall condition of the patient and also the location where the cancer metastasized. Prostate cancer is actually highly treatable as long as it is found early. When prostate cancer is diagnosed in early stage (Stage 1 or 2), the 5-year survival rate is close to 100%. Even when the cancer has reach Stage 3 and it has metastasized to nearby organs, the survival rate is still nearly 100%. It means, prostate cancer is highly treatable as long as it is found early.

Unfortunately, once the cancer reaches Stage 4, the survival rate will drop down drastically. According to researches, Stage 4 metastatic prostate cancer survival rate is only around 29 per cent. In the last stage, the tumor has spread to surrounding and distant organs of the body such as bladder, lymph nodes, bones, liver and also lungs. In this stage, patients may notice new symptoms that are different with their early symptoms.

Survival Rates According to Where the Cancer Spreads

The metastases site also will determine the average survival rate of prostate cancer. Studies show that cancer that spreads to the lymph nodes have the highest survival rate and averagely patients can survive for around 32 months.

There are also many cases where the cancer metastasizes to the bone. The symptoms include pain and discomfort in the affected area, spinal cord compression, weak bones and even paralysis. Furthermore, Prostate cancer also can spread to the lungs. The survival rate for bone and lung metastases is around 19 to 21 months. The survival rate can go even lower when liver is involved. When the cancer spreads to the liver, the survival rate is usually only around 14 months.

But let’s not forget that the survival rates mentioned above are only estimates. Statistics cannot fixedly determine how long a person can live. Moreover, prostate cancer is a slow growth cancer. As a result, with the right treatment, it is not impossible that a patient can have better prognosis. In addition, even though there is no cure for prostate cancer, there are plenty of new therapies that has been proven to improve patient’s survival rate.