When a man notices symptoms related to prostate cancer in his body, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis will really help improving metastatic prostate cancer survival rate. Here are some methods and tests commonly used to diagnose prostate cancer.
Getting preliminary tests for prostate cancer will not only help increasing metastatic prostate cancer survival rate, but also prevent the cancer from spreading in the very first place. There are various tests that can be performed to determine whether a man has prostate cancer or not. But the doctor might recommend these following early tests:
PSA is a protein that is produced by the prostate gland and all men have it. However, cancer cells in the prostate will mess up the protein production, causing the level of PSA in the blood rapidly increasing. PSA testing is conducted to find out the level of PSA a man has in his blood. If the man has too much of this protein, it might be a sign that he has prostate cancer. Increased PSA level is usually a sign of early stage prostate cancer. So, at this stage the patient doesn’t have to worry about metastatic prostate cancer survival rate yet.
However, PSA testing alone is not enough to determine whether or not someone suffers from prostate cancer. This is because a man’s PSA level will naturally increase as they age.
Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)
During this examination, the doctor will insert a gloved and lubricated finger into the patient’s rectum. It is done to physically check the texture, shape and also size of the prostate gland. The texture of a cancerous prostate gland usually becomes hard and bumpy. Furthermore, the size also will enlarge.
If the results of the preliminary tests show some abnormalities, the doctor will also recommend some other further tests to confirm the diagnosis. One of them is biopsy. A surgeon will take some tissue samples of the prostate to further examine it. Biopsy is the test that can present a definite diagnosis. As a result, when the doctor thinks that the patient’s symptoms matches the symptoms of prostate cancer and the preliminary tests show abnormalities, the doctor definitely will recommend the patient to do a biopsy.
If the test results show that the patient has prostate cancer, the doctor and the patient can discuss the most suitable treatment methods to improve the patient’s condition. If the cancer is detected in the very early stage, immediate treatment might not be necessary.