Prostate Cancer Staging and Survival Rate

Staging is a standard way to determine the severity of the cancer. Staging is a stan prostate cancer survival rate can then be estimated after the cancer stage has been discovered. Prostate Cancer Staging The staging system for prostate cancer is based on American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM system. TNM itself stands for Tumor, Node and Metastasis. Metastatic prostate cancer survival rate in every patient can be different and the TNM system is the first step to figure out the patient’s prognosis. There are five important things TNM system can tell. The T category will tell about the extent of the tumor while the N category is used to tell whether the cancer has affected surrounding lymph nodes or not. Meanwhile, the M will tell whether or not the cancer has metastasized to other organs. In addition, the system also will give information about the patient’s PSA level and the likelihood for the cancer to spread based on the Gleason score. After collecting those five information, the doctor will be able to tell the stage and metastatic prostate cancer survival rate to the patients. Survival Rate of Prostate Cancer Based on the Stages Stage 1 The size of the tumor is small and it is localized inside the prostate. Stage 1 prostate cancer often doesn’t show any symptoms and even doesn’t show up in imaging tests. At this stage, the 5-year survival rate is close to 100%. Stage 2 At this point, the patient might start feeling some symptoms. Furthermore, imaging tests and other examinations might be able to detect the cancer. Just like Stage 1, the cancer has not spread outside the prostate, however it is possible that the cancer will grow more rapidly. The 5-year survival rate for Stage 2 is still around 100%. Stage 3 In this stage, the cancer might start spreading to surrounding lymph nodes and seminal vesicles. Since the cancer has spread, the 5-year survival rate decreases to around 95%. Stage 4 Stage 4 is also called metastatic cancer because the cancer has spread outside of the prostate to the other organs. Besides surrounding lymph nodes, metastatic prostate cancer often spreads to the lungs, bones and also liver. When the cancer has metastasized to other organs, the 5-year survival rate will go down to 29%. Besides estimating the survival rate, staging is also used to determine which treatments will be more suitable for the patients. Because prostate cancer is a slow growing cancer, watchful waiting might be enough for Stage 1 patients. Meanwhile, patients with Stage 4 metastatic prostate cancer might have to resort to more aggressive treatment methods.

Understanding Metastatic Prostate Cancer and the Types

Spreading awareness on Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate.may help men understand the importance of taking prompt medical action. One of the biggest mistakes many sufferers do is, unfortunately, shrugging off the warning signs. Not a lot of them see discomfort and urination related problems as alarming. More often than not, they quickly assume it’s none other than urinary tract infection due to similarities in symptoms and warning signs.

Prostate cancer may be considered as one of the few types of highly treatable cancer. Unfortunately, however, it’s also considered as the second leading cause of death. A surprising fact considering the number of cancer treatments available. When detected early, the survival rate of Prostate cancer sufferers is actually promising. But what about people whose condition were largely undetected until it was too late? What if the Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate?

Survival rate of advanced prostate cancer

Survival rates of prostate cancer patients are divided into three different categories. According to the American Cancer Society, the survival rates of Prostate cancer along with Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate are as follows:

  • Local Prostate cancer without detected spread is found to have a promising 5 year survival at 100 percent.

  • Prostate cancer with detected local spread is also found to have a chance of 5 year survival at nearly 100 percent.

  • Prostate cancer with detected distant metastasis, however, has 5 year survival rate of no more than 29 percent.

While the aforementioned section serve as no more than a general statistic, it may be useful as a guidance. Not only that, it also shows the earlier the condition is detected, the bigger the chance to survive and put into remission.

Understanding metastatic prostate cancer

In most cases, prostate cancer grow at an incredibly slow pace. In fact, it’s so slow to the point that many of its sufferers are unaware of the fact that they have the disease. However, in some cases, the disease quickly metastasizes. The cancerous cells that typically develop slowly, quickly spread to organs surrounding the region where the cells are originated from. Metastatic prostate cancer are divided into two different type which can be seen in the following:

  • Local metastasis

Prostate cancer with local metastasis is the term used to refer to a cancer that has spread to any structure or organ located within the pelvis. This typically also include the local lymph nodes, although not restricted to that.

  • Distant metastasis

When the term distant metastasis is used, it’s to refer to prostate cancer that spreads to any structure or organ beyond the patient’s pelvis. A few of the common sites where cancerous cells typically metastasis are the spine, bones, liver, lungs, and brain.

Prostate Cancer and Metastasis Diagnosis Process

Continuous advances have provided a new understanding on Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate. The problem with majority of sufferers are they are unaware of signs associated with the disease. Others also seem to delay seeing a healthcare professional thinking the early symptoms are nothing serious. Due to its slow progression, the sooner patients get into treatment, the bigger their chance to survive.

How Prostate cancer is diagnosed

Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate is found to be no more than 28-percent. This is due to the cells that have been spread to lymph nodes, bones and other organs. If your Prostate-Specific Antigen test suggests you may have developed prostate cancer, biopsy will take place to confirm. Other that PSA test, digital rectal exam or DRE may also be used as a pointer.

The Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate procedure typically takes 10-minutes and the process is fairly simple. Your healthcare professional will remove prostate tissue by inserting a hollow needle through your rectum’s wall. These dozens of tiny samples will then be handed out to a pathologist. If cancer cell is found, it will then be graded using Gleason Scoring System.

  • Grade 1, at this stage, the tissue looks similar to normal prostate cells.

  • Grade 2 to 4, the lower score is used to represent samples that look closest to normal prostate cells which means less aggressive cancer. The higher the score, the more aggressive and dangerous the cell is.

  • Grade 5, at this stage, majority of cells look extremely different from normal.

Understanding the TNM system

There are three aspects in TNM System. You may have heard the concept for a while now, but unaware of what they stand for.

  • Tumor

The extent of what is referred to as primary tumor is determined by its location and size. If it cannot be assessed, the stage will be referred to as TX. If at the time tumor is not found, the stage will be referred to as T0.

  • Nodes

This particular section is to determine whether the cancerous cell has spread to lymph nodes situated next to your bladder. If at the time of examination the nodes are not affected, the code used is N0. If it simply cannot be assessed, the code is NX. If cancerous cell is found in the nodes, the code to refer to the stage is N1.

  • Metastasis

This is by far is the most worrying part of the three. Metastasis is used to determine whether the cancerous cells have spread to other organs or bones, or not. M1 is used when the cancer has spread, whereas M0 is used when it’s negative.

Understanding Types of Advanced Prostate Cancers and Survival Rate

Questions regarding Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate are common after patient receives their diagnosis. These questions are not exactly easy to answer, to say the least. Depending on the stage and affected area, your survival rate can perhaps only be predicted by a healthcare professional.

More than 2.9-million of men in the United States alone have been diagnosed with this terrible disease. Naturally their questions will stem from their chance to survive, knowing how dangerous it can be. Fortunately for many Prostate cancer patients, this article on Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate sheds light on their chance for survival.

The survival rate of metastatic prostate cancer

According to numerous studies and statistics, survival rates of 5-year, 10-year, and 15-year relative are incredibly favorable. With 5-year survival rate at 100-percent, and 10-year survival rate at 98-percent. Last but not least, the 15-year survival rate is known to be at a favorable percentage of 93. This shows that there is a big chance of survival, granted you caught on the disease and have it treated very early on. When it comes to Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate, the number plunges dramatically.

Yes, the biggest mistake many patients can do is postpone treatment despite the fact that there are numerous treatments available. At the metastatic stage, the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body. Cancerous cells typically have spread and attacked the lymph nodes, bones, and other organs of the patient. At this stage, the survival rate of 5-year survival is 28-percent.

Types of advanced prostate cancer

There are a lot of different factors that affect the life expectancy of advanced prostate cancer. To understand, first you must be aware of the fact that there are a few types of advanced prostate cancers.

  • Locally advanced prostate cancer

This particular type of prostate cancer is characterized by cancer cells that have grown through the prostate area. At this stage, it may very well extend to the bladder or seminal vesicles.

  • Elevated PSA post prostate cancer treatment.

Following cancer treatment, patients are at risk of elevated PSA level. With this rising PSA level, patients may feel significantly worse despite the lack of evidence of worsening disease or spread in other parts of their body.

  • Hormone sensitive metastatic cancer

This form of prostate cancer at its most advanced stage. Cancerous cells have spread to the lymph nodes, bones, and other organs and parts in the body..

  • Castration-resistant prostate cancer

Despite having suppressed testosterone and other hormones associated with prostate cancer, growth continues at an accelerated rate in this type of cancer.

Common Signs of Prostate Cancer

Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate may be something that brings more questions than answers to many. It’s confusing, and there is no such thing as straight answer. We are aware of how incredibly dangerous cancer is. So it’s understandable that many newly diagnosed patients scramble for reassurance that they will have a good chance of survival. Growing in the prostate gland in male reproductive system, prostate cancer is one type of cancer that affects men.

Despite being one of very common forms of cancer, Prostate cancer often being regarded as a silent killer. Its slow progression, combined with the lack of awareness, often leaves sufferers unaware of the condition. This is exactly the reason cancer is found to be the second leading cause of cancer-related death. Men are typically unaware of Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate, let alone the following symptoms until it’s too late.

Urination difficulty

Metastatic Prostate Cancer Survival Rate is diagnosed before it has the chance to spread. Both Prostate cancer without spread and with nearby local spread results in 100-percent of 5-year survival. The first common  warning sign to look out for is urination difficulty. Surrounded by the prostate gland, your urethra serves as a place to carry both urine and semen.

When there is a bump, regardless of how tiny it is, urination and ejaculation are bound to be negatively affected. The early warning signs at this stage typically involved of difficulties while urinating. Perhaps you stop midstream during urinating. Or you may perhaps still feel like urinating even after having finished it. When this happens more often than usual, see your health care provider immediately.

Pain during urination

Due to the surrounding tumor in the urethra, patients are bound to feel indescribable pain or extreme discomfort during urination. This is very often mistaken as none other than urinary tract infection. In order to be absolutely sure about the source of your pain, consult with your healthcare provider.

Blood can be seen in the urine

While Hematuria is not as common, in some cases, it may develop. This does not necessarily mean you end up with a lot of blood that your urine turns bright red. Most of the time, you only end up with a pinkish tint or red tint smear in your urine. This may be the result of Prostate cancer, BPH, kidney stones or bladder infection. Get yourself thoroughly checked out right away. Other than the aforementioned signs, dribbling urine and erectile dysfunction are among the most common symptoms you must know.

 

3